Phonics: ay, ai, ow, ou, oy, oi, aw, au

Hello everyone!

So here is the next phonics grouping. Today’s is broken down into several small groups of similar sound combinations (four small groups to be specific).

Group1:

AY has two sounds:

  • “a” as in: play, mayor, today (used mainly at the end of the root word. When used inside a word, see “AI”)
  • Short “e” as in: say (exception)

AI has four sounds: (Never used at the end of a word, because english words do not end in i, u, or v)

  • “a” as in: mail, faith, praise, train, hair (Used inside of words. Often comes before the letters l, n, and r)
  • Short “e” as in: said, against, again (exceptions)
  • Long “i” as in: aisle (silent “s”) (exception)
  • Short”a” as in: plaid (exception)

Group 2:

OW has three sounds: (most often used at the end of a root word or at the end of a syllable. Within words or syllables, it is usually followed by l, n, or d)

  • “ow” as in: owl, crown, how (most often used at the end of a root word or at the end of a syllable. Within words or syllables, it is usually followed by l, n, or d)
  • “o” as in: snow, bowl, known (see above)
  • Short “o” as in: knowledge (exception)

OU has six sounds (Remember u from the vowels lesson? Yes, it tends to create a lot of extra sounds): (Cannot come at the end of a word… with two exceptions)

  • “ow” as in: shout, house
  • “o” as in: soul, court
  • Long “oo” as in: you, group
  • Harsh “u” as in: touch, young
  • “ow” (ending sound) as in: you, Thou (*See note at bottom of post*)
  • Exception: buoy (pronounced: boo-e, this is the only time “ue” says “oo”)
  • Could, Would, Should (“uh” sounds. These are three exceptions)

Group 3:

OY has three sounds:

  • “oi” as in: toy, loyal, oyster (used at the end of a root word. Within words see “OI”)
  • Long “i” as in: coyote (k-i-o-te) (exception)
  • Silent “u” before “oi” as in: buoy, buoyant, buoyancy (Yes, this does go hand-n-hand with the above “ou”)

OI has three sounds:

  • “oi” as in: oil, coin, rejoice (used within root words in place of “OY”. Sometimes these two letters may be right next to each other, but not form a pair: Example: Heroic, which is pronounced he*ro*ic)
  • Short “i” as in: tortoise, porpoise (exceptions)
  • Long “i” as in: choir (exception)

Group 4:

AW has one sound:

  • “aw” as in: saw, crawl, lawn (usually used at the end of a word. But if found inside a word, it will usually come before l, n, or k).
  • “au” as in: pause (only when this syllable comes before consonants other than l, n, or k)

AU has five sounds:

  • “aw” as in: autumn, Paul, astronaut (comes only inside a word, never at the end)
  • Short “a” as in: aunt, laugh (exceptions)
  • Long “a” as in: gauge (exception)
  • Long “u” as in: beauty (exception)
  • “ow” as in: sauerkraut (exception)

Take this poll and tell me what you think! 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s