Phonics: ew, eu, ui, oo, ch, ng, ea, ar

Back again! I’m finally getting around to adding spelling rules… Just taken me nearly a year.

EW has four sounds:

  • Long “oo” as in: flew, jewel, grew (used at the end of a word)
  • “u” as in: few curfew ewe
  • Long “o” as in: sew (exception)
  • “ew” as in: lews, newt, strewn, hewn (exceptions)

EU has two sounds:

  • Long “oo” as in: pneumonia, rheumatism (used inside words. Uncommon. And in some words these two letters can be side-by-side without creating a syllable. Example: petroleum which is pronounced pe*tro*le*um)
  • “u” as in: feudal, Europe

UI has three sounds:

  • Long “oo” as in: juice, suit (used inside words. Exception: when this syllable comes after the letter “g” the “u” is silent. See “g” under the constants posting)
  • “u” as in: nuisance
  • Short “i” as in: build (exception)

OO has four sounds:

  • Long “oo” as in: zoo, school, kangaroo (can be used both inside words and at the end)
  • “oo” with accent on the second “o” as in: book, wood, good (only used inside words)
  • Long “o” as in: door, floor, brooch (exceptions)
  • Short “u” as in: flood, blood (exceptions)

CH has four sounds: (Can be used at the beginning, ending, and in the middle of words)

  • “ch” as in: child, church, teach
  • “k” as in: Christ, school (used in words of Greek origin)
  • “sh” as in: chef, machine, parachute (used in words of French origin)
  • Silent “ch” as in: yacht, drachm, schism (exceptions)

NG has two sounds: (Never used at the beginning of a word, and only sometimes used as an ending)

  • “ng” as in: king, sign, strength (this sound is one of the few made through our noses. If you pinch your nose shut you will find that you cannot make this sound) (Special Spelling Rules! when adding a suffix to a verb ending in “ng,” the letters stay together as a syllable. However, when adding a suffix to any other word ending in “ng,” the letters break up and the “g” keeps its first sound, example: finger which is pronounced fin*ger)
  • “j” as in: ginger, dingy, stingy, hinge (exceptions)

EA has four sounds:

  • “e” as in: clean, easy, sea (mainly used inside words, but can be used at the end)
  • Harsh “e” as in: bread, head, weather (this is the ONLY combination of vowels that make this sound, other wise just use “e” by itself)
  • “a” as in: great, break, steak, yea
  • Long “u” as in: beauty (exception)

AR has two sounds:

  • “ar” as in: art, star, farm (note, the consonant “r” never says its name, so the “ar” combination is the only way to get that sound)
  • “or” as in: war, warm (only when “ar” follows the letter “w”)
  • Long “a” as in: scarce (exception)

I know, not a very exciting post (yet); however, I am trying to get all of these fit in prior to starting the next semester of school. With that being  said, I will also be posting a “Teach Yourself…” oneshot (ie. as opposed to a post in a series)  that should delve into a quite different and perhaps dark subject.


Updated: 15 July, 2014


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